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PHRASAL VERBS

 
M A S T E R I N G

P H R A S A L    V E R B S

 

Phrasal verbs ("verbi sintagmatici") are the main way new verbs enter the English language. Phrasal verbs are not stative, but dynamic: they usually begin in casual speech where they become part of our everyday vocabulary and eventually become recognized as standard usage.

A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which produces a meaning indipendent of the separate elements,  different from the original verb, consequently it canít be derived from the dictionary meaning of their parts.

Many phrasal verbs have more than one idiomatic meaning. The difficulty is two-fold, the unpredictability of their idiomatic meaning and the rules describing how they may be entered into the rest of the sentence.

Phrasal verbs can be distinguished between "Intransitive" (these don't take an object), "Inseparable" (the verb and the preposition(s) are always connected), and "Separable" (the verb and the preposition(s) are not always connected and can be split).

The Oxford English Grammar distinguishes seven types of prepositional or phrasal verbs:
intransitive phrasal verbs (e.g. give in);
transitive phrasal verbs (e.g. find out [discover]);
monotransitive prepositional verbs (e.g. look after [care for]);
doubly transitive prepositional verbs (e.g. blame [something] on [someone]);
copular prepositional verbs. (e.g. serve as);
monotransitive phrasal-prepositional verbs (e.g. look up to [respect]);
doubly transitive phrasal-prepositional verbs (e.g. put [something] down to [someone] [attribute to]).

All the some, the meanings of phrasal verbs are idiomatic and there is no logical pattern for learning them. The distinctions are directly embodied in the examples, therefore they can easily be understood by anyone who understands the language.

 

Most Important Phrasal Verbs

BE and HAVE

DO and MAKE

BRING and TAKE

KEEP and GET

SET and PUT

COME and GO

LOOK and SEE

TALK and TELL

RUN - TURN - LET - BREAK

 

Other Phrasal Verbs

   |  A B C  |  D E F  G H I J K  L M N O  | P Q R S  | T U V W Y Z  |



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