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:: Navona Square  ::

Navona Square

Piazza Navona is a Baroque temple, the heart of Roman tradition, a living and loved place by Romans and tourists.
An unforgettable square with its fountains, churches and street artists.
Among the most famous Roman squares, this baroque gem offers to all art lovers a large number of masterpieces in its perimeter: masters such us Bernini, Borromini, Rinaldi and Pietro da Cortona left them mark with immortal masterpieces such as the Fountain of the Four Rivers, the church of Sant’Agnese in Agone and the frescoes of Palazzo Pamphilj.
Its history dates back to the first century AD, when there was the emperor Domitian, when the homonym stadium was built that hosted the track and field events, some of which memories are guarded in the nearby Via Zanardelli.
Always used as a landing for its picturesque street artists, if you want to bring home your portrait or a characteristic glimpse of the city. During Christmas the square changes in order to offer fine glass decorations, nativity scene papier-mâché characters and all sorts of overly sweets and gift ideas.
Piazza Navona is the heart of Roman tradition, a living and loved place by the population and tourists who are fascinated by it, with its large number of restaurants, wine bars and pubs in the surroundings.



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Roman places worth to be seen


:: Pantheon  ::


The Pantheon of Rome was initially a pagan place of worship. Then it became a Christian church and a mausoleum for illustrious men.The Pantheon is a masterpiece of engineering. The perfectly spherical space gives a feeling of extraordinary harmony and balance, also thanks to the light/shadow complex effects of niches and shrines. The wide round hall at the back of the pronaos is unparalleled in the ancient world. The merging of the classical style (the colonnade and the pronaos) and a typical Roman building (the Rotonda) is a compromise between the Greek architecture, which focused mainly on the exterior, and the Roman one, focused on the interior space. The majestic pronao is decorated with 16 huge 13m high, grey and pink granite columns. The 6.2 m wide walls of the rotunda are made with Roma bricks and the concrete dome is the greatest masonry dome ever built.
The dome it is the first example of this kind of roof in a temple.
Michelangelo thought the Pantheon had been built by angels, not men.
The Romans nicknamed it the ‘Rotonna, meaning ‘The Round place’, and this is where the opposite square takes the name from.
Visiting hours: Mon-Sat 8:30 a.m.-7:30 p.m.; Sun and holidays: 9:00 a.m.- 1:00 p.m.Some time restrictions may occur during church services.



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:: Campo dei Fiori Square  ::

Campo dei Fiori Square

Rich in colours and sounds , Piazza Campo dè Fiori is one of the souls of Rome; in the center overlooks the statue of philosopher Giordano Bruno, who was condemned to the stake for heresy by the Inquisition.
Here in the morning you will find a picturesque market, but during the night it is one of the favorite destinations of Roman nightlife. Place of happy hours and after dinner, Campo de’ Fiori is a landmark for nightlife.
The square, the only one that doesn’t have a church in Rome, hosts a picturesque market in the morning which offers basic necessities and rare delicacies from around the world.
The nearby Via dei Giubbonari is an important landmark of shopping, here you will find some of the best shops of the city.
Doing a short walk you will discover Ponte Sisto, an evocative bridge to reach the lively Piazza Trilussa and Trastevere, or the romantic Via Giulia up to venture into the Jewish ghetto, where you will admire the wonderful Portico D’Ottavia, another example of how the old and the new can combine themselves to create the unique atmosphere of Rome.
A perfect starting point to easily reach the most famous sights of the capital, from Piazza Navona to Pantheon, from Via del Corso to Piazza Venezia up to Via dei Fori Imperiali, Campo de’ Fiori means not miss a thing during your stay: the history of Rome, the entertainment, shopping and art.





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:: Trevi Fountain  ::

Trevi Fountain

The Trevi Fountain is the largest and among of the most famous fountains in Rome, as well as one of the most popular all over the world.The theme of this masterpiece is the sea. The fountain is an example of perfect fusion between Baroque sculpture and architecture.

Maybe not everyone knows that...
THE WATER OF LOVE: According to another legend, a girl whose beloved leaves for the military service or for work will be ensure his eternal love if she gives him a glass filled with water from the fountain, and after he drinks she breaks the glass, so that he’ll never forget about her.
THE LOVERS’ LITTLE FOUNTAIN: Another way of promising eternal love is to drink at the Lovers’ little fountain, located on the right side, by the Ace of Cups. The lovers just need to drink together to be faithful to each other for the rest of their lives.

TREVI FOUNTAIN AND THE MOVIES: Even the movie world couldn’t remain unaffected by the magnificence of the Trevi Fountain. The movie "Fontana di Trevi" was shot in 1964 by Carlo Campogalliani (script by Federico Zardi).
The monument is also featured in of the most famous Italian movies: "La Dolce Vita" by Federico Fellini, where Anita Ekberg plunges in the Fountain and invites Marcello Mastroianni to do the same.
Trevi fountain had previously been featured in the American movie "Three coins in the fountain" (the fountain the title refers to is indeed Trevi Fountain).
In ‘"Totòtruffa 62" Totò tries to sell the fountain to a gullible tourist, including all copyrights on the pictures taken by other tourists, leading to a number of gags and misunderstandings.



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Roman places worth to be seen


:: Saint Peter's Basilica  ::

Saint Peter's Basilica

Saint Peter’s Basilica is a catholic church located within the Vatican City, and overlooking Saint Peter’s Square.
The famous square, where pilgrims gather every day, is a marvellous example of Baroque architecture and town planning.
The giant oval order of columns stretching across the end of the square symbolizes two huge arms embracing the devotees.

As Bernini stated "Being almost like a matrix for all the other churches, Saint Peter’s Basilica ought to have a colonnade welcoming everyone, from the catholic believers to confirm their faith, to the heretics to reunite them with the Church, to the infidels show them the true faith".The triple colonnade relates to a topic of the Old Testament, where Ezekiel describes the area outside God's Temple as a porticus incta portici triplici, as well as a symbol of the Trinity Dogma.
As it is said in the paper records, the concave shape of the square creates a "theatre" effect, because when the square is flocked with people the crowd can see themselves, like in a cavea.
Saint Peter’s Basilica is the main papal basilica, the centre of the Catholic religion, and is often referred to as the biggest church in the world. The main catholic events, including the Pope proclamation, take place there.

Architects like Bramante, Rapahel, Michelangelo, Maderno, and Bernini designed the Basilica, and several other artists embellished it with their statues and works of art.
In the right aisle is Michelangelo's Pietà (1499), a white marble masterpiece now protected by a glass frame after being seriously damaged by a mentally disordered person in 1972. In the left aisle is the Chapel of the baptistery, designed by Carlo Fontana and decorated with mosaic tiles. The aisle also contains the tombs of Pius X, John XXIII, and Benedict XV.

DID YOU KNOW...? Saint Peter’s Dome is not only the symbol of the Basilica itself but also of Rome and the Vatican City. It was built in only two years' time by Giacomo della Porta according to Michelangelo’s designs. It consists of two vaults placed one on top of the other, being the internal one thicker and the external one a protection of the former. The same design was used by Brunelleschi for the Dome of Florence.
Visiting Saint Peter’s Dome will allow you to enjoy one of the most suggestive views of Rome, as long as you will toil for it. In fact, the elevator will take you up to a certain height, and then you will have to proceed on foot 330 steps up! Going up is not easy and as you proceed the walls get narrower, so we advise anybody who suffers from claustrophobia or vertigo against visiting it..




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::  Castel Sant'Angelo ::

Castel Sant'Angelo

From mausoleum to fortress, from horrible prison to renaissance house where also Michelangelo worked, from Risorgimento prison to museum, Castel Sant'Angelo bears the memories of the Eternal City in its grand rooms, solid walls and elegant frescoes, where past and present are indissolubly linked to each other. The Mausoleum of Adrian or Castle of the Holy Angel, is located on the right bank of the Tiber, opposite to the Sant’Angelo Bridge near the Saint Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican, in the Borgo district.
Castel Sant'Angelo was initially erected as a mausoleum by Roman emperor Hadrian around 123 A.D. in a border area of the ancient Rome, and it was used as a tomb until approximately 403 A.D., when Emperor Honorius ordered its inclusion in the Aurealian Walls.
Since then, it was used as castellum (fortress) to protect the city. Several Roman families competed for its possession: senator Teofilatto, the Crescenzis, the Pierleonis, and the Orsinis. It was a memeber of Orsini family, Pope Nicholas III, who connected the castle to St. Peter's Basilica by a covered fortified corridor called the Passetto di Borgo. In 1367 the building went to Pope Urban V, and since then many Popes used the Passetto di Borgo as a refuge during dangerous times.
Thanks to it massive, fortified structure and its fame as an impregnable fortress, the Castle hosted the Archive and the Vatican Treasure, but it was also used as a Court and a prison (Giordano Bruno and Beatrice Cenci were imprisoned there).
Still today visit the castle is a source of amazement thanks to the magnificent views of Rome that can be admired from the heights of the castle. Here you will find also interesting exhibitions and in summer the gardens of the castle houses many events: music, food and readings brighten up the hot summer evenings in Rome.
Being in a central location will allow you to easily reach Saint Peter’s, Sant’Angelo Bridge, Piazza Navona and the Pantheon by feet.
The statue of an angel drawing his sword is located on top of the building, reminding of Pope Gregory Magnum's vision during a procession to pray God to end the plague.
The original statue was wooden, but it worn out. A second marble statue was destroyed in 1379 during a siege and replaced in 1453 with a marble angel with bronze wings. The angel was destroyed in 1479 by a thunderbolt and replaced with a golden-bronze angel, which was melted in 1527 in order to manufacture cannons. A marble statue with bronze wings by Raffaello da Montelupo followed (now in the yard of the Castle) and, finally, in 1753 the current bronze angel by Pierre van Verschaffelt.


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Roman places worth to be seen


:: Vatican Museum  ::

Vatican Museum

The first cluster of works exhibited in what was going to become the Vatican Museum, consisted of a collection of statues.
Clement XIV and Pio VI founded the Pio-Clementino Vatican Museum, containing works on display in buildings open to the public. Pio VII significantly enlarged the collection by adding the Museo Chiaramonti and the Braccio Nuovo.
The Museo Etrusco and the Museo Egizio, which are part of the Vatican Museums, were founded by Gregory XVI, who took care of having Etruscan pieces and Ancient Egyptian material coming from archaeological excavations taken to Rome. He then assembled the works and monuments already on display in other Roman museums. During San Pio X’s pontificate, the Galleria Lapidaria, including 137 inscriptions of ancient Roman Jewish graveyards, was added in 1910.   The Galleria degli Arazzi, including tapestries from the 16th and 17th centuries, the Galleria delle Carte Geografiche, the Loggia di Raffaello, the Chapel by Beato Angelico, painted during Nicholas V’s pontificate, and the very famous Sistine Chapel, named after its founder Sixtus IV and painted by Michelangelo, are just some of the masterpieces boasted by the Vatican Museums. The Pinacoteca Art Gallery now located near the new Museums entrance and boasting paintings by Pinturicchio, Caravaggio, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael, as well as many more works by the most famous artists, is also open to the public. A visit to the Museum offers the chance to view a vast, beautiful collection representative of the Italian history and art.

DON’T MISS Raphael’s Rooms: Originally part of the private apartment of Pope Julius II, who commissioned the work to the famous painter they were named after. Have a careful look at the School of Athens, a beautiful fresco where philosophers Aristotle and Plato are depicted surrounded by scholars. Someone holds that you may also distinguish the figures of Michelangelo, who is the isolated man in front of the garden, Leonardo, in the traits of Plato, and a self-portrait of Raphael, the second figure in the right bottom corner.
Sistine Chapel: Have a close look at the wonderful frescoes by Michelangelo, among which the most famous are The Creation of Adam and The Last Judgment.
The Belvedere Torso: (Sala delle Muse) Greek sculpture dating back to the first century B.C., widely appreciated during Renaissance, and particularly by Michelangelo, for the accurate and detailed representation of human anatomy. Laocoon: (Octagonal court) A most famous sculpted group representing a Trojan priest of Apollo fighting with his sons against two monstrous sea serpents.
Apollo of the Belvedere: (Octagonal court) A Roman marble copy, dating back to the second century A.D., of the original Greek bronze of the IV century B.C., considered one of the masterpieces of classic art.

From Monday to Saturday, 9 a.m – 6 p.m. (last entry 4 p.m.) The last Sunday of every month free entry 9 a.m. - 2 p.m. (last entry 12.30)
Online booking at Vatican Museums Ticket Office




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:: Colosseum ::


The Colosseum, the iconic symbol of the city, was elected as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World (2007), it is located in one of the most beautiful areas of the capital: not far from the heart of Rome, the Capitol, next to the Roman Forum, has its own underground station, to ensure an easy landing, and at the same time, rapid movements to reach the most important areas of the city.
Picturesque centurions welcome the curiousest tourists and going on across the timeless setting of Fori Imperiali, you arrive in Piazza Venezia, merger to the famous Via del Corso, where you will find the most important high fashion shop windows.
Its construction started in 72 AD under Emperor Vespasian, and was completed in 80 AD during Titus reign, with further modifications made under Domitian. Apparently its name derives from a nearby colossal statue of the Sun God of Nero. The huge elliptical amphitheatre had a seating capacity of 50,000 spectators and was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles, such as re-enactments of famous battles, celebrations or dramas.
The Colosseum consists of 3 levels placed on top of one another, reaching a total height of 49 metres. It is made of huge square travertine and tufa blocks placed on top of one another without any mortar and connected by means of metal pins.



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:: Mouth of Truth  ::

Bocca della Verità

THE MOUTH OF TRUTH Piazza Bocca della Verità
The famous Mouth of Truth, hedged in the portico of the medieval Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, is visited by thousands of tourists a day.
It seems that one of the most beloved tourist attractions is nothing more than a manhole cover, in particular the cover of the Cloaca Maxima, one of the most important sewage systems of Rome, some stretches of which are still used today!

It was made even more famous by the film Roman Holiday starring Gregory Peck and Audrey Hepburn.
The legend tells that if one told a lie with one's hand in the mouth of the sculpture, it would be bitten off.
Just remember the film scene in which Gregory Peck pretends to have his hand cut off. Rumour has it that the actress believed in the legend and therefore that her scared expression in the movie was real!

HOW TO GET THERE: B line underground, Circo Massimo station; by walking from Piazza Venezia following Via del Teatro Marcello
VISITING HOURS: 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.


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:: The historic centre of Rome  ::

The historic centre of Rome

Enclosed by the Aurelian walls, is delimited on the west by the Tiber river and on the East by Via del Corso, in 1980 it has been declared world heritage site by UNESCO. Among the countless narrow streets and tangled alleys you come across lively squares, smart coffee bars, renaissance palaces and ancient ruins such as the Colosseum, the Pantheon, Navona square, Campo de Fiori. Famous churches and large museums, where to admire the greatest masterpieces by Michelangelo, Raphael, Caravaggio and Bernini, can be just around the corner. There are an estimated 25000 places of historic and archaeological interest in the very heart of Rome that has the power to impress anyone who has the chance to see them. The hub of Rome is also the centre of the political life of the nation.
The best way to go about Rome's historic centre is on foot, but if you would rather use public transportation, you can catch the 40 or 64 bus lines, that leave from Termini station, stop at Largo Torre Argentina, and go on along Corso Rinascimento. At the sides of this large road are Campo de Fiori, Piazza Farnese and the Ghetto to the south, the Pantheon and Navona square to the north.

Ancient Rome: The south part of Rome's historic centre, where impressive monuments will take you back in time to relive the glory days of Roman Empire. Absolutely not to be missed: Colosseum, Imperial Fora, Domus Aurea, Capitoline Hill, Palatine Hill.
Historic centre: A maze of tangled alleys and beautiful squares, baroque churches and ancient ruins. Get lost among the narrow streets to come across Rome’s many secrets, like talking statues or little fountains, and admire the works by great architects Bernini and Borromini. Not to be missed: Pantheon, Navona square, Campo de Fiori.
Trident: The fashionable side of Rome: take a stroll around the many smart boutiques and ateliers of famous stylists, luxury hotels and chic restaurants. Walk from Piazza del Popolo, along Via del Corso to Spanish Steps, and reach Trevi Fountain where you can throw a coin and make a wish.
Vatican City, Borgo, Prati: The religious Rome or Rome of the Popes, centre of Christianity. Don’t miss Saint Peter’s Basilica, Vatican Museums, Castel Sant’Angelo.


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:: Trastevere  ::


Trastevere or Trestevere in local dialect, is rione XIII of Rome, and it lies on the west bank of the Tiber. Its name comes from the Latin trans Tiberim, meaning "beyond the Tiber".

In Trastevere young and old people, locals and tourists alike spend their evenings roaming in the narrow cobbled streets lined by medieval houses, eating in a typical Roman restaurant, and drinking in one of the several pubs situated in the area.
Thanks to its many typical restaurants, pubs, pizzerias, as well as the little and stylish shops, Trastevere remains one of the most lively and picturesque districts of Rome.
The maze of narrow streets leads to beautiful squares such as Piazza Trilussa, gathering point for the young at night, or Piazza Santa Maria in Trastevere, which features the Basilica di Santa Maria in Trastevere (Basilica of Our Lady's in Trastevere ) boasting a XIII century mosaic on the upper side of the façade.

Did You Know..?
At the very beginning of Rome’s history, Trastevere belonged to the hostile Etruscans. Rome conquered it to gain control of the river from both banks, but was not interested in building on that side of the river. In fact, the only connection between Trastevere and the rest of the city was a small wooden bridge called the Pons Sublicius. Thanks to the area partial isolation and its cosmopolitan environment, the people of Trastevere, known as trasteverini, were a sort of population of their own, famous for their tenacity, pride and honesty.
The beauty of the local women boasting dark eyes and hair and regular features also had a wide appeal.

In the Middle Ages Trastevere had narrow, winding, irregular streets: a real maze with a strong contrast between the huge mansions of the rich and the small houses of the poor. The streets had no pavement until the end of the 1400s, when Pope Sixtus IV decided to renovate the area. For the paving project bricks were initially chosen, but these were soon replaced by sampietrini (cobble stones), because they were more suitable for carriages.





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:: Piazza Venezia  ::

Piazza Venezia

Piazza Venezia is a major circus and the central hub of Rome, Italy, in which many thoroughfares intersect, like Via dei Fori Imperiali and Via del Corso. It takes its name from Venice ("Venezia" in Italian), after the Venetian Cardinal, Pietro Barbo (later Pope Paul II) who had built Palazzo Venezia, a palace set next to the nearby church of Saint Mark, the patron saint of Venice. Palazzo Venezia was the former embassy of the city of the Republic of Venice to Rome.
The piazza or square is at the foot of the Capitoline Hill and next to Trajan's Forum. The main artery, the Viale di Fori Imperiali starts there, leading past the Roman Forum and to the Colosseum. It is dominated by the imposing Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of Italy. In 2009, during excavations for the Rome C Metro Line, ancient remains of what has been identified as emperor Hadrian's Athenaeum were unearthed in the middle of the square.

Close from the famous Piazza Venezia, you will find Navona Place, Forums, Colosseum, the shopping area. the best point for nightlife lovers.





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:: Termini Station ::

Termini Station and the Metro of Rome

Termini Station is very central, close to Venice Place and the downtown shopping district, and there are the two metro lines: line A (identified by the red color) and line B (blue). This two lines intersect them at Termini Station, where you will be able to change from one line to another, that will ensure you faster and agiler movements (hours of operation: Monday-Tuesday and Sunday from 5.30 to 23.30, Friday and Saturday from 5.30 to 01.30).

One metro ride costs 1,50 euros and tickets are available at every underground station using the self-service machines or going to the provided front desks. If you have to use public transportation in Rome, we recommend you to buy day tickets, surely most convenient compared to a single ride.
The buses and the metro use the same tickets so you can transfer from one to the other, the price also is the same and you can usually buy them in newsstands or at a tobacconist.
Inspections are infrequent, especially on buses, but when you get on the bus, you must time-stamp the ticket in a yellow machine on the bus, after which it is valid for travel for the time shown on the ticket. Similarly with tickets for underground: the tickets must be time-stamped in a machine at the entrance of the station before you get on the subway. At the Termini station there are many terminals of buses to every direction.
In Rome the underground is considered an enough safe area but be careful to your money and valuables and don’t leave your bags or backpacks open.
Riding the metro you will probably meet different improvised singers, they’ll offer their performance in exchange for money.


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